# Archive for November, 2017

## How QGD Efficiently Does Not Solve Unsolved Problems in Physics

To be clear, quantum-geometry dynamics (QGD) does not solve the unsolved problems of current physics theories. Generations of the best minds in science have been working on the problems that arise from our best current theories and it would not only be presumptuous to claim to have solved these problems. These problems are too big and complex for any one person to tackle. Now, you may ask: What does QGD have to do with these problems? The response is: It efficiently does not solve them.

The idea behind it was simple: to develop a theory from a minimal axiom set necessary to describe dynamics systems. QGD was never was meant to take on the problems facing dominant theoretical physics.  As I explored the consequences of QGD’s axiom set I found equations that describe gravity, the electromagnetic effects, the laws of motion for example, the laws of that govern optics for example, and all were direct consequences of the chosen axiom set. Because it was based a different axiom set none of the theory specific problems that arise in current theories came up in QGD.

QGD’s derived equation for gravity predicts that gravity is not fundamental but the effect of two fundamental forces. It also predicts that beyond a threshold distance ${{d}_{\Lambda }}\approx 10Mpc$  , gravity becomes negative. Therefore, QGD’s description of gravitationally interacting systems does not require dark energy (see Effects Attributed to Dark Matter and Dark Energy). QGD also reproduces the predictions of our best theories of gravity (see here) and its equations are found to describe a number of physical phenomena.

QGD proposes that there exists only one fundamental material particle we call $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$. QGD predicts that all other particles and their antiparticles are made from $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$  and that the difference between a particle and its antiparticle is due to their dynamic structural properties. All particles being made from the same matter, the problem of the matter/antimatter asymmetry does not arise.

QGD proposes that most $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$  are free though they interact too weakly to be detected individually; their mass over large regions of space interacts gravitationally with bounded $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$  (visible matter) and produces the effects we attribute to dark matter. Also what we call magnetic fields are predicted to be polarized $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$. So dark matter, far from being an exotic form of matter, are really the most common and most commonly observed.

According to QGD, time is nothing more than pure relational concept which allows us to compare events to periodic systems (clocks). Time does not correspond to a physical aspect of reality and the universe being strictly causal, the problem of the arrow of time does not arise in QGD. $Preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$  are also the fundamental unit of matter mass we find that mass of a particle, structure or contained in a regions of space is simply the number of $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ that it contains. All equations describing the evolution of a system need only use this definition of mass. Thus mass being an intrinsic property of matter we find that no other mechanism is necessary to generate it.

QGD only has two physical constants; the fundamental momentum of the $preo{{n}^{\left( + \right)}}$ and the units of the two fundamental forces that it predicts exists. All other constants in nature can be derived from them.

The unsolved problems of physics are theory dependent, they are their by-products, but none of these problems emerge from QGD’s axioms. QGD does not resolve the unsolved problems of our current physics theories because it doesn’t need to.

## Handheld Dark Matter Detector The image on the left is that of a primitive dark matter detector. Really, it is. Okay, if you know anything about physics (especially if you happen to be a physicist), the reasonable assumption is that the author of the opening sentence is crank, a crackpot or simply crazy. The claim that a magnetic compass is a dark matter detector should raise your red flags. If it didn’t then I would suspect that you are either a crank or you don’t have a sufficient understanding of physics to distinguish between a crank and a scientist. If your red flags are up and high as they should, then I invite you to read further.

Quantum-geometry dynamics is a theory derived from a minimal axiom set necessary to describe the evolution of dynamics systems. It proposes that all particles are made from one and only one type of fundamental particle which we call the $preo{{n}^{\left( + \right)}}$ . $Preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ , which QGD predicts were the only particles that existed in the initial state of the universe, still permeates space (QGD assumes space to be discrete rather than continuous). $Preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ were distributed uniformly throughout space and a fraction of them combined to form the lightest detectable particles, low momentum photons (the cosmic microwave background radiation), then progressively larger particles and structures that eventually gave birth to present universe. I have discussed the cosmology derived from QGD elsewhere so I’ll focus here on magnetic fields.

QGD predicts that magnetic fields are made from polarized $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$  and that effects we attribute to dark matter are due to gravitational interactions with the $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ populating large regions of space**. Objects which we call electrically charged interact directly with free $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ absorbing and emitting them, polarizing the preonic field and producing the effect of electromagnetic attraction and repulsion. The needle of a magnetic compass reacts to the polarized preonic field, that it, it moves due to polarized $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ which as we have suggested are the particles causing the dark matter effects.

If $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ exist then, why haven’t we detected them? Well, we have. We do every day with anything that creates, detects or uses magnetic fields. It is true that we haven’t detected individual $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$  but that is due to the fact that they never decay into other particles, annihilate into photons (they are the components of photons) or transmute into other particles. $Preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ are eternally stable, which would explain why experiments that hope to observe their decay haven’t been successful.

Also, $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ being the fundamental unit of mass are orders of magnitude less massive than photons and possessing the fundamental unit of momentum, itself orders of magnitude smaller than even the least energetic photon, cannot be individually detected. But we can measure the gravitational effect a large number of them can have. That is, we have observed the sum momentum polarized $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ can impart as a magnetic field. This is why a magnetic compass is essentially a device that detects the polarization of the preonic field around the Earth and it interacts $preon{{s}^{\left( + \right)}}$ or what has come be known as dark matter.

Thus, according to QGD, dark matter is not a mysterious and exotic type of matter. We see its effects and use it every day. Dark matter was hiding in plain sight. We just failed to recognize it.